The Australian Stock Horse
The hardiness of the Australian horses made them a natural and often preferred mount for the cavalry.
Beginning in the 1850s, almost 400,000 horses were exported to serve overseas.
Initially they were used by British troops during the Indian Mutiny; then in South Africa they served in the Boer War, in particular seeing action in the Siege of Elands River Post and the Battle of Onverwacht.
The Australian Light Horse and ANZAC Mounted Division (Desert Mounted Corps), made significant contributions during World War One.
Probably the horses most famous battle was in what is described as the "last successful great cavalry charge" against the Turkish forces at the town of Beersheba, in (then) Palestine.
On October 31, 1917 the Australian Light Horse attacked with such speed and ferocity that the defences were overrun and the town, with its vital water wells, was secured for the allies.
English cavalry officer, Lt. Col. RMP Preston DSO, summed up the Australian Light Horse in his book The Desert Mounted Corps as follows: "The majority of horses in the Corps were Walers and there is no doubt that these hardy Australian horses make the finest cavalry mounts in the world."
More information about the role of the Australian Light Horse is at The Australian Light Horse Association.